Johannes Horak

A couple of updates

We published a new research paper and submitted a manuscript to Geoscientific Model Development which is now available as a preprint.

Hofer, M.; Horak, J.: Extending Limited In Situ Mountain Weather Observations to the Baseline Climate: A True Verification Case Study, Atmosphere 2020, 11, 1256.

Horak, J., Hofer, M., Gutmann, E., Gohm, A., and Rotach, M. W.: A process-based evaluation of the Intermediate Complexity Atmospheric Research Model (ICAR) 1.0.1, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., in review, 2020.

A display at EGU2020 (online)

We do have a short poster at this years (online) EGU! To view or download it:

Three recommendations to improve simulations with the Intermediate Complexity Atmospheric Research (ICAR) model – EGU 2020 (online), Vienna

It summarizes the results from an extensive sensitivity study involving almost 650 unique simulations investigating – for the main part – the influence of the upper boundary on the microphysical processes within the domain.

ICAR and the Brunt-Väisälä frequency

This post takes a look at the default behavior of ICAR with regards to the calculation of the Brunt-Väisälä frequency N and discusses an alternative method that is arguably better suited from a theoretical point of view. Note that the data and results here are not peer reviewed. However we have a manuscript in preparation that discusses aspects of this. I’ll add the corresponding links once they are available.

Read More

Autumn Conferences

In September I’ll be participating at poster sessions at the International Conference on Alpine Meteorology (ICAM 2019) and the International Mountain Conference (IMC 2019) respectively. The posters will focus on ICAR, it’s evaluation with a weather pattern based approach and potential issues due to the numerics at the top boundary of the model. I plan to focus on a real-life test case during ICAM while looking at idealized simulations at IMC. The IMC poster will also be preceeded by a flash talk.

Furthermore I’ll be a presenting author during the IMC workshop “Climate information for impact modeling” for a statistical downscaling approach used to extend limited in situ mountain weather observations to the baseline climate.

Read more for links, titles, locations and session details!

Read More

Paper on evaluating ICAR in complex topography published

Just a quick note – we published a paper in HESS that evaluates ICAR thoroughly in the complex topography of the Southern Alps on the South Island of New Zealand. Specifically we’ve been looking at ICAR downscaled 4×4 km² precipitation fields and how they compare to weather station data and an operational gridded precipitation product supplied by NIWA. ICAR was forced with the ERA-Interim reanalysis.

Our results in two sentences: ICAR improves over the driving model but underestimates precipitation amounts and the performance strongly depends on your choice of the elevation of the top boundary (model top). Particular clear improvements are found for cross-alpine flow and flows of high linearity (as quantified with the inverse dimensionless mountain height).

Horak, J., Hofer, M., Maussion, F., Gutmann, E., Gohm, A., and Rotach, M. W.: Assessing the added value of the Intermediate Complexity Atmospheric Research (ICAR) model for precipitation in complex topography, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2715-2734,, 2019.

Linear interpolation as vertical extrapolation method in ICAR

So far when ICAR used a forcing dataset where the z-levels did not vary with time it did extrapolate some quantities downward from the lowest forcing level by keeping them constant. This could potentially lead to unwanted behavior as I’m going to show with an example in the following. I’ll refer to the ICAR version before the code modification as “ICAR old” and the version after the modification as “ICAR new”.

Read More